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The Montreal Declaration for a Responsible Development of Artificial Intelligence is based on a declaration of ethical principles built around 7 core values: well-being, autonomy, justice, privacy, knowledge, democracy and responsibility. These values, suggested by a group of ethics, law, public policy and artificial intelligence experts, have been informed by a deliberation process. This deliberation occurred through consultations held over three months, in 15 different public spaces, and sparked exchanges between over 500 citizens, experts and stakeholders from every horizon.


EXPOSING — Educational, ethical and methodological introduction

What is artificial intelligence? What are the ethical issues raised by AI? What is co-construction, and most importantly, what is expected of citizens? The scientific co-directors of the Declaration answer these questions and set the stage for the ensuing discussions.

DEBATING— Group discussions on AI issues

Education, Health, Smart Cities, Justice and the Workforce are the 5 sectors around which prospective scenarios were developed. Using these scenarios set in 2025, groups of 5 to 8 people, with the help of a facilitator, discuss ethical issues.  

SUGGESTING— From ethical issues to suggestions

Using the issues developed for 2025, participants must now imagine recommendations to allow a responsible rollout and use of AI in Quebec.


At one of the tables discussing EDUCATION, there was talk surrounding a 2025 elementary class where AlterEgo, an AI that assists teachers, can detect children with learning disabilities and even make teaching recommendations.

Excerpt from the debate

How long has data on the students been collected? Who has access to this data? Will the child have to live with “his profile” throughout his entire life as a student? The risk of discrimination is very real.

Example of a proposal selected by the group

Everyone must understand the consequences of using data: professionals, students and parents alike. Digital literacy training is crucial. 

One of the scenarios under the SMART CITY theme led to a discussion around a couple owning an appliance that prepares the week’s menu and is connected to a smart refrigerator, as well as their watches and cellphones. The data concerning their sleep, energy expenditure, amount of fat consumed, is all recorded and sent to … their health insurance provider.

Excerpt from the debate

Useful for a busy life. But the day the family decides to have burgers and fries, do their insurance premiums go up? Can the consumption data be sent to companies? Are we independent when it comes to our so-called “healthy” choices?

Example of a proposal selected by the group

The Consumer Protection Act should be updated and overhauled to avoid any conflict of interests. We must ensure that the use of data is transparent, and the user must have the right to configure connected objects.

At one of the tables focused on HEALTH, we discussed the case of Soline, an elderly lady kept at home thanks to her robot Vigilo. This AI monitors the evolution of the patient’s dementia, prepares her pills and can even hold a conversation with her. Her family can check every interaction and every element of data at any time, which is very reassuring for them.

Excerpt from the debate

Staying at home is a priority for the patient and a plus for the healthcare system. But does entrusting a robot with her care mean that family and medical personnel are no longer responsible? And does the patient really want her family to know everything about her?

Example of a proposal selected by the group

Research programs should foster the development of open source algorithms to lower costs, increase transparency and encourage sharing. A good way to avoid social and regional discrimination. 

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